Solar eclipse occurs when the moon passes between the earth and the sun. When viewed from the earth, the sun is completely or partially covered by the moon.
Solar Eclipse Stages
The part of the earth that is affected by the eclipse is called the shadow area .
Solar eclipse is mainly of three types. Full solar eclipse, partial solar eclipse, and annular eclipse.
Full solar eclipse
A full solar eclipse occurs when the moon is close to the Earth and comes between the Earth and the Sun. Being very close to the Earth, the moon completely takes that part of the earth in its shadow area. As a result, the light of the sun does not reach the earth and a darkness-like situation arises on the earth. In this, the whole sun is not visible. An eclipse that occurs in this way is called a full solar eclipse.
Partial solar eclipse
In partial solar eclipse, only some part of the sun is covered by the moon. Due to this, some part of the sun remains unaffected by eclipse grass and some part from eclipse. The eclipse in that particular region of the Earth is called partial solar eclipse.
Annular solar eclipse
In the annular solar eclipse, the moon moves between the Earth and the Sun while remaining far away from the Earth. The moon covers the sun in such a way that only the middle part of the sun falls in the shadow area. The Sun is not completely covered by the Moon when viewed from the Earth and due to the outside part of the Sun being illuminated, it appears to shine in the form of a bracelet or ring. The solar eclipse made in bracelet shape is called annular solar eclipse.
Interesting facts about solar eclipse
- According to historians and astronomers, on October 22, 2134 BC. That is, the solar eclipse in ancient China was 4153 years ago, the first solar eclipse recorded in human history.
- Like the Chinese, the inhabitants of Babylon were also able to predict the eclipse. The first eclipse recorded by him occurred on May 3, 1375 BC.
- Like the ancient Chinese, the Babylonian people also believed that solar eclipse was a bad omen for kings and rulers.
- According to legend, solar eclipses in China were believed to be associated with the emperor's health and success. And failing to predict that meant putting the emperor in danger.
- After being able to predict the solar eclipse, he used to appoint a temporary emperor on the throne of the emperor during the eclipse. This saved the real emperor from the wrath of the gods, he believed.
- Two Chinese astrologers named Hsi and Ho were given the death penalty for failing to predict the solar eclipse. This was the first recorded solar eclipse.
- According to the Greek historian Herodotus, a solar eclipse halted the war between Lydian and the Medes in 585 BC. Both sides saw dark skies in the day as a sign of making peace with each other.
- Ancient Greek astronomers first began to accurately predict eclipses.
- The reason why solar eclipse occurs was first speculated but exact information was not available. In 1609, astronomer Johannes Kepler gave a full scientific description of the solar eclipse for the first time.
- In 1973, scientists followed the eclipse on the Eclipse Strip for three thousand km with their instruments in a Concorde plane and studied the eclipse for about 72 minutes.
- In India, the belief that cooked food gets contaminated during the eclipse is forbidden, but astronomers of India do not agree with it. According to him, this is only a fallacy.