Interesting Facts about Ostrich

The ostrich is a typical non-flying bird called Rátidas, which makes them like land species, not air species. Ostrich populations differ slightly in skin color, size and characteristics of eggs were previously considered separate species, but now they are now considered breeds of Struthio camelus 

Ostrich is the only living species in the Struthio genus. Ostriches are the only members of the Struthionidae family of the Struthioniformes order, a group that also contains kiwis , emus , cassowers and rheas. The oldest fossil relatives of ostriches belong to the species Calciavis grandei , which were excavated in the Formation of the Green River in Wyoming and date from the Eocene era, between 56 and 34 million years ago.

36 Fascinating facts about Ostrich

  1. Among all the birds on Earth, they are the largest.
  2. Several millions of years ago, there were even larger species, and carnivores, but they died out long ago - primitive people destroyed them 
  3. The scientific name of the ostrich is translated from Greek as "camel sparrow."
  4. Among the creatures living on our planet, ostriches have no biological relatives.
  5. During the run they move in huge jumps, over one such jump overcoming 3-5 meters.
  6. The weight of an adult ostrich can exceed 150 kg.
  7. Emu birds, which are second only to ostriches in size, were also previously classified as ostrich-like, but have long since been isolated. So emu is not an ostrich.
  8. Ostrich growth exceeds 2.5 meters.
  9. Ostriches do not hide their heads in the sand; if they scare them, they run away. And if they are driven into a corner, they begin to defend themselves with kicks. One such well-aimed blow can kill a person.
  10. They also run fast, differing in their endurance. An ostrich can maintain a running speed of 50 km / h for a long time.
  11. On their chest they have a spot without feathers - this is the place on which the ostrich rests when it lies on the ground.
  12. The maximum speed that ostriches can develop is about 95 km / h. At the same time, they can turn on the run, without even halting.
  13. They feed on vegetation, and small animals, and insects.
  14. Ostriches have thicker eyelashes than humans; sometimes they absorb pebbles and even sand - this helps to better digest food, since stones, once in the stomach, simply grind it.
  15. The life of an ostrich can reach 75-80 years.
  16. One ostrich egg weighs more than a kilogram.
  17. Birds do not get wet in the rain, but ostriches do not have a gland that produces fat to cover feathers, so they get wet easily.
  18. They can do without water for a long time, since they receive enough moisture from food. But ostriches drink on occasion willingly, and they also like to swim.
  19. To get rid of skin parasites, these birds ride in dry dust. Protecting their territory, ostriches attack both people and even lions. By the way, the lion, the king of animals, usually does not risk contacting an ostrich, which can easily cripple him or even kill him 
  20. Young ostriches do not eat vegetation - only meat and insects.
  21. They prefer to live in families consisting of a female, male and chicks.
  22. Vultures, who like to eat ostrich eggs, throw stones at them from a height, since they cannot break a strong shell half a centimeter thick with their beaks.
  23. Of all the birds, only ostriches have two toes.
  24. Some tribes in Africa still use the shell of their eggs as vessels for water.
  25. Ostrich feathers on helmets are found on most Polish emblems
  26. If you wish, you can ride ostriches on horseback, but only on males, because they are larger and stronger.
  27. Ostriches are bred in more than 50 countries of the world, including cold ones. Ostrich farms are even in Russia and Sweden 
  28. Attracting the female, the male ostrich emits a trumpet roar of deafening volume.
  29. Due to the strength of the shell, a newborn chick takes up to an hour to get out. Not all cope.
  30. The diameter of the ostrich eye (5 centimeters) is larger than the diameter of the brain of this bird.
  31. The weight of the newborn baby ostrich reaches 1.1-1.2 kilograms.
  32. Sometimes, if two groups of chicks from different birds mix, the ostrich parents fight with each other for the right to guardianship over them. Winners get all the offspring.
  33. In one of the caves of Altai, abandoned by primitive people as early as 40-50 thousand years ago, archaeologists discovered ornaments from the shell of ostrich eggs.
  34. Chicks of African ostriches usually come into the world with a hematoma on the back of their head, because they break their way out of the egg. The hematoma, however, is not dangerous, and they quickly pass.
  35. After the chicks hatch, the female ostrich breaks spoiled eggs to attract the flies that will feed the chicks, who are more fortunate.
  36. The female ostrich hatches eggs during the day, and at night the male replaces it.
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