1. Everest is the highest mountain on the whole Earth, it is known to everyone and everyone.
2. The height of Everest is 8,848 meters.
3. Its peak is just below the cruising altitude of a giant jet plane.
4. Climb Everest – the dream of every conqueror of mountain peaks, but this task is only within the reach of the most powerful and hardy people who can survive in these difficult conditions.
5. The first time Mount Everest was conquered relatively recently – in 1953.
6. The mountain got its European name in honor of the English surveyor George Everest. The second name of the peak is Chomolungma.
7. Mount Everest or Chomolungma is located on the border of Tibet and Nepal.
8. Therefore, you can climb Mount Everest from two countries, from Nepal or from China, from the Tibetan plateau.
9. Tibet is Chinese territory, it is almost closed to visitors, so most tourists and climbers traveling to Everest begin their journey in Nepal.
10. Many residents of Nepal and Tibet consider Mount Everest a sacred mountain, and treat it with awe.
11. On Everest there are at least 18 routes for climbing, some of them have not yet been completed.
12. Nepal lies on the south side of Everest, and China on the north.
13. The first attempt to climb the summit was made in 1921 by a British expedition from the north.
14. In 1924, 13 people died on an expedition to Everest. Among them are George Mallory and Andrew Irwin, who disappeared during the climb in 1924. It is still unknown whether they were able to get to the highest point or not. But some believe that it was Mallory who was the first person to climb the summit of Everest.
15. The first confirmed successful ascent to the summit of Everest occurred on May 29, 1953. The pioneers in the conquest of Everest were Nepalese Tenzing Norgay and New Zealander Edmund Hillary.
16. Among all the mountains of the world, Everest is the highest peak, but not the most dangerous.
17. Another Himalayan peak, Annapurna, according to climbing statistics is much more dangerous. More than 30% of attempts to conquer it end in the death of a climber.
18. The mortality rate during the conquest of the Jomolungma fluctuates around the 10% mark.
19. Since 1969, the only year when no climber died on the slopes of Everest was 1977.
20. Since 1974, the summit of Everest has been submitted annually
21. Until 2018, about 5 thousand successful climbs were made to the summit of Everest.
22. In 2001, Everest successfully climbed the first blind mountaineer named Eric Weichenmeier.
23. In winter, the temperature at the top can drop to minus 60 degrees. Even in the summer, in July-August, it does not rise above zero.
24. Glaciers slowly flow down the slopes of Everest from all sides, but they also end at an altitude of about five kilometers.
25. The highest wind speed at the top of Everest was 282 km / h (February 2004). For comparison: a category 5 hurricane has a wind speed of about 253 km / h.
26. At an altitude of more than 8000 meters, the so-called "death zone" begins. A person does not have enough oxygen, and the body begins to die slowly.
27. From 1924 to 2018, 295 people died on Mount Everest. Mortality is about 3.2%.
28. It is impossible to evacuate the bodies of the dead climbers, therefore they remain right there, on the slopes, not a single helicopter can climb to such a height. Often they serve as landmarks for other mountain climbers.
29. The most deadly year on Everest was 2015, when 19 people died.
30. About 450 million years ago, the summit of Everest was an ocean floor. Petrified marine organisms are sometimes found in the soil covering Everest.
31. Everest formed about 55 million years ago when the tectonic plate of India crashed into Asia. The collision was so strong that the Indian plate went under the Asian, lifting the earthly firmament up and thus creating the Himalayas.
32. The top of Everest every year becomes 4 mm higher due to the displacement of tectonic plates.
33. The mountain was “discovered” as the highest in the world by Radhanath Sikdar in 1852. The Indian Sikdar worked in India and performed trigonometric surveys. Initially, he measured the mountain and got a height of 8,840 meters.
34. Until then, a little-known mountain was called Peak XV. It was later named after Sir George Everest. Most likely, Sir George Everest never saw this great mountain named in his honor.
35. Mount Everest in Nepal is known as “Sagarmatha”, which means “goddess of heaven”, and in Tibetan means “Chomolungma”, which means “Holy Mother”.
36. Some climbers conquered this peak without an oxygen mask. Over the entire history of the conquest of Everest, just over 200 people reached its peak without using oxygen masks.
37. Nepal citizen Kami Sherpa is the record holder for the number of ascents on Mount Everest. He reached the top 24 times; the latter is in May 2019 at the age of 49. His first ascent was in 1994.
38. The first man conquered the summit of Everest in 1953, and the first woman in 1975.
39. In 1975, Janko Tabei from Japan became the first woman to climb Mount Everest. Since then, more than 500 women have reached the summit, including the youngest woman, Malawat Purna, who was 13 years old at the time of the ascent, and Lhakpa Sherp, who visited the summit 9 times – more than all the other women who have ever climbed Mount Everest.
40. Jordan Romero of California is the youngest climber to climb Mount Everest. He climbed in 2010 when he was only 13 years old and 11 months old.
41. The oldest mountain climber to climb Mount Everest is Yuichiro Miura, an 80-year-old Japanese man. The record was set in 2013.
42. The largest group ever climbing Mount Everest consisted of 410 Chinese climbers.
43. The climb to the top of the mountain from the base camp takes about 39-40 days, taking into account acclimatization. Plus, you need to take into account the road to the base camp itself, which takes 10 to 14 days. The entire expedition takes from 6 to 9 weeks. During this time, mountain climbers lose 10-15 kilograms of weight.
44. The cost of climbing Mount Everest is from 30,000 to 85,000 dollars, depending on the service and content of the program plan. The average cost is about $ 67,000.
45. Permission to climb Everest costs 10-12 thousand dollars. This tax is levied by the authorities of Nepal from all comers.
46. The first person who climbed above Everest on a motorized paraglider was the famous "survivor" and television presenter Bear Grylls.
47. In 2001, another man descended from the summit of Everest on a snowboard. The next year, he tried again to climb this mountain, but was missing while climbing.
48. At an altitude of 6.7-6.8 kilometers above sea level, mount spiders live on Everest. These are some of the highest living creatures in the world. For humans, they are not dangerous.
9. Every year, climbers leave about 50 tons of garbage and other waste on the slopes of Everest.
50. In this regard, the Nepalese authorities have adopted a rule according to which every climber, when descending back, must either collect at least 8 kilograms of rubbish or pay four thousand dollars.
51. Moreover, the wise Nepalese take money as a guarantee even before the start of the ascent, and give it back only if the norms for garbage collection are met.
52. Everest is the highest point on Earth, but not the highest mountain. The submarine volcano Mauna Kea, located in Hawaii, is a kilometer and a quarter higher.
53. In 1978, the Italian climber Reinhold Messner was the first to climb Mount Everest without the use of additional oxygen.
54. In 1980, he also made the first successful solo climb to Everest.
55. In 1999, a Nepalese climber set a high-speed climb to Everest, reaching the summit in just under 17 hours.
56. At the very top of Everest there is Internet.
57. The feeling that embraces a person looking at the highest mountain of the world is difficult to describe in words – it must be experienced.
58. A hill rising for many kilometers, made of ancient rocks, as if looking patronizingly down at tiny people scurrying around at its foot.
59.A seemingly impregnable summit, climbers have already repeatedly stormed, but, as you know, not everyone managed to cope with the ascent.
60. Although the mighty Everest has many times obeyed by brave climbers, this does not detract from its greatness.