In 2007 the list of the “ New Seven Wonders of the Modern World ” came to light , made through the votes of more than 100 million people throughout the entire planet. This new list was intended to be an update of the famous list of the “Seven wonders of the Wonders of the Ancient World” that had impressive works such as the Colossus of Rhodes, the Lighthouse of Alexandria or the Great Pyramid of Giza, sole survivor of that first selection . we believe that the world is such a great and precious place that to select only 7 is to fall short and leave out many places of unparalleled beauty. Therefore, we have created the list of the 20 Wonders of the World to see.
The 20 Wonders of the World you cannot miss
1Angkor Temples, Cambodia
The famous Angkor Temples, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, are the main tourist attraction and the biggest reason for many people to travel to Cambodia . .
2Christ the Redeemer, Rio de Janeiro
Is is build 709 meters above sea level, stands one of the most important symbols of the city and of all of Brazil, the statue of Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro.
Inaugurated on October 12, 1931, the Christ the Redeemer of Rio de Janeiro is visited by 2 million tourists a year
3The Grand Canyon of the Colorado, United States
By name, one would think that this Canyon is part of the State of Colorado. But no, it is in the State of Arizona . Its name is due to the fact that the Colorado River runs through it. This river was precisely incharge of carving the impressive canyon for millions of years.
The area through which this river drains was formed about 40 million years ago. The Grand Canyon, on the other hand, is much younger, about 6 million years old . In it, you can see several layers of sediment, of different colors. The river continues to discover us today as it passes from the Rocky Mountains to its final resting place: the Gulf of California.
Its extension has about 446 km. It is located between Lake Powell and Lake Mead. In its deepest parts , it reaches 2000 meters . It was one of the first United States National Parks created and has also been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979 .
4Iguazú Falls, Brazil and Argentina
Iguazú Falls are located along the border between Brazil and Argentina. These waterfalls are formed by the river of the same name, which creates one of the natural wonders of planet Earth. The Brazilian part of the falls is located in the Brazilian state of Paraná. While the Argentine is in the province of Misiones.
The Iguazú falls are made up of about 275 falls on a 2,700 meter front, the height of the falls varies between 60 meters and 82 meters. The most impressive area of the falls is undoubtedly the so-called Devil's Throat. At this point, the falls form a horseshoe-shaped jump 82 meters high on a total front of 700 meters.
The waterfalls was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1984 (Argentine side) and 1986 (Brazilian side) and is undoubtedly one of the most impressive places in nature. Waterfalls is rightly considered among the natural wonders of the world.
5Moais from Easter Island, Chile
First of all, Easter Island is famous for its giant stone statues in the shape of a human head, they are called "moai". Silent idols weighing up to 200 tons and up to 12 meters high stand with their backs to the ocean. In total, 997 statues were found on Easter Island . All moai are monolithic. Masters carved them from soft volcanic tuff (pumice) in a quarry on the slopes of the Rano-Roraku volcano. Some statues were moved to the ritual site (“akhu”) and supplemented with a cap of red stone (pukau). According to scientists, once moai had eyes: squirrels were laid out from coral, and pupils - from sparkling pieces of volcanic glas
6Machu Picchu, Peru
Machu Picchu (Machu Picchu) - a world-famous ancient city of the Incas and the monument to their culture, which is located in Peru in the mountains of South America (on a ridge height of 2430 meters) above the valley of the Urubamba River, near the town of Aguas Calientes. Interestingly, Machu Picchu is often called the “Lost City of the Incas", and in 2007 he received the title of New World Wonder. Undoubtedly, this is one of the most famous cities in the world that are in ruins today. It is also on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1983 and is considered the main attraction of Peru.
7The Great Wall of China,
It is one of the most emblematic symbols of China, its construction is dated between the 5th centuries BC. C. and the 16th century AD In a period in which the invasions of neighboring Mongolia and the attacks of nomadic peoples, made it necessary to create a defense system that could preserve from continuous attacks, for this purpose the Great Wall of China was created .With a length of 21,000 km, it runs through the entire northern strip between the border of present-day Korea and the Gobi desert. In 1987, UNESCO made it a World Heritage Site, for its cultural and artistic interest, being on January 26, 2007, when it was named 1 of the 7 wonders of the modern world.
8Taj Mahal, India
The Taj Mahal , built from 1631 to 1654 located in Agra, a city in Uttar Pradesh, India, built by Shah Jahan , emperor of the Mughal dynasty .The Taj Mahal was built in honor of his Favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal, who died giving birth to her 14th child. The Magnificent Construction took twenty-two years to complete the Taj Mahal which is made of white marble, carved with flowers and precious stones. Approximately 20,000 workers from India and Central Asia crafted this monument. It is estimated that the construction cost was calculated around 320 million. The Taj Mahal architecture was designed by Ahmed Lahuri.
9The Colosseum, Rome
The Colosseum is located in Piazza del Colosseo, in the center of Rome, the capital of Italy. Its construction began in 72 AD and took eight years to be completed. The Roman Colosseum continues to dominate the city of Rome after twenty centuries . Declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO , this gigantic construction has been one of the New Seven Wonders of the World since 2007. For nearly 500 years, the Colosseum was used as the venue for various types of fierce activites, such as fighting between gladiators or between warriors and wild animals (mainly lions brought from the Roman colonies of Africa). It had enough capacity for 50,000 people to sit on its steps, arranged from about 3 meters above the ground. According to some records, the first series of fighting organized in the Colosseum lasted about 100 days and, In that period alone, 5,000 wild animals and hundreds of gladiators died in the arena.
10Chichen Itza, Mexico
Chichén Itzá is the second most important archaeological zone in Mexico and one of the most visited, only behind Teotihuacán, since 1988 it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site , since July 7, 2007 it was recognized as one of the 7 wonders of the modern world
11Petronas Twin Towers, Malaysia
The Petronas Twin Towers are the main attraction of Kuala Lumpur. They are the tallest twin towers in the world: they measure an incredible 452 meters (1,483 feet) from the ground to the top. Argentine architect César Pelli designed this building as a symbol for 21st century Kuala Lumpur. Construction started in 1992 and was completed in late 1997.
These amazing skyscrapers were named the tallest building in the world until 2004, when it was surpassed by the Taipei 101 building. Since then, several skyscrapers have risen taller. However, the Petronas Towers are still an impressive engineering achievement. There are 33,000 glass panels and 55,000 stainless steel panels, which decorate the exterior of these colossi. Inside, 29 two-story elevators run the 88 floors from top to bottom every day.
12Sydney Opera House, Australia
Sydney Opera House is one of the most recognizable buildings in the world. Its unusual architecture is unique, so Sydney Opera House has become one of the main attractions of Australia, and it can rightly be called one of the wonders of the world. The architect of this unique building was Dane Jorn Utzon. The opening of Sydney Opera House took place in 1973. Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain attended the event. Sydney Opera House is the only building built in the 20th century that stands on a par with such architectural structures as the Indian Taj Mahal, the French Eiffel Tower, the American Statue of Liberty, .
13Eiffel Tower, France
The Eiffel Tower is a 300-meter-high iron construction that was created for the Paris World's Fair in 1889 . It is currently the most representative symbol of Paris.
With a design created by Gustave Eiffel, the construction of the Eiffel Tower lasted just over two years and 250 workers worked on it. The Eiffel Tower is the most visited monument in the world with more than 7 million annual visitors .
14Perito Moreno Glacier, Argentina
The glacier was named after Francisco Moreno, who first explored the region in the 19th century. Now Los Glaciares National Park, on the territory of which the Perito Moreno Glacier is located, is included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Argentina
The area of Perito Moreno is 250 sq. Km, and the average height is 60 m above the surface of the water. The glacier moves at a speed of 2 m / day, but since pieces of ice break off from it every day, it has not receded for more than 90 years.
The second largest glacier in Argentina, Patagonia and South America is called Uppsala (Upsala Glacier ).
The City of Petra, Jordan, often referred to as the eighth wonder of the ancient world. Petra's name comes from the Greek. It is a huge city completely carved out of the rocks by the Nabateans. It is a very hard-working Arab tribe that settled in the area more than 2000 years ago and made it an important city of passage of the silk routes.
Founded in antiquity towards the end of the 7th century BC. C. by the Edomites, it was occupied in the 6th century BC. C. by the Nabataeans who made it prosper thanks to its location on the caravan route that carried incense, spices and other luxury products between Egypt, Syria, Arabia and the southern Mediterranean.
Towards the 8th century, the change in trade routes and the earthquakes suffered led to the abandonment of the city by its inhabitants. It was forgotten in the modern era, and the place was rediscovered for the western world by the Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt in 1812.
Numerous buildings whose facades are directly sculpted in the rock, form a unique monumental complex that from 6 December 1985, it is inscribed on the Unesco World Heritage List. The area surrounding the place is also, since 1993, an Archaeological National Park.
16Cairo pyramids, Egypt
The Great Pyramid is the largest of the three at 140 meters high. It is the only wonder of the ancient world that still stands. This pyramid is believed to have been built in 2,570 BC. It was originally made up of 2.3 billion stone blocks . Yes, 2.3 billion. And each block would weigh approximately 6.5 million tons.
Located on the Giza plateau, 18 kilometers from Cairo , the Pyramids are not only the most important monuments in Egypt , but also the oldest in the world . These are funeral constructions that were built under the orders of pharaohs from different dynasties.
The pharaohs were mummified and brought into the pyramids along with some food and their most precious belongings to accompany them on their last journey. Although the date of construction of the great pyramids is not exactly known, it is estimated that the works began around 2500 BC. The three main pyramids in Giza are Cheops, Khafre and Micerinos. In addition to these there are many other minor pyramids.
17Saint Basil's Cathedral, Russia
There is no doubt that Saint Basil's Cathedral is the icon of Moscow . The Cathedral of Saint Basil was ordered to be built by Ivan the Terrible in 1554 following a promise he had made years before : he would raise a temple in the center of Moscow if he managed to conquer the Kanzan of Kazan . The Cathedral was consecrated on July 12, 1561, although it was subsequently expanded on several occasions.
18Terracotta Warriors, China
Considered as the Eighth Wonder of the World and as the most important archaeological excavation of the 20th century in the world, the Terracotta Warriors of Xian have their origin in the year 246 BC .
Then Qin Shi Huang , the first emperor of unified China, at the age of 13, after his enthronement, commissioned the construction of his mausoleum , which lasted 11 years.
Currently, the Xian Terracotta Warriors' excavations occupy more than 16,000 square meters, These excavations began to be visited from the year 1979. In total, in the area of the excavations there are almost 8,000 soldiers, horses and chariots , in addition to thousands of spears and other types of weapons.
19Hagia Sophia, Turkey
Hagia Sophia , the ' Divine wisdom ' is the ancient Christian cathedral of Constantinople (present-day Istanbul), converted into a mosque in 1453 and a museum in 1935.
20The Statue of Liberty, United States
The Statue of Liberty is the symbol of freedom and democracy. It is located at the entrance to the port of New York, United States. The Statue of Liberty was a gift from France to the United States on the occasion of the first centenary of the Declaration of Independence, signed on July 4, 1776 as a symbol of Franco-American friendship. It was inaugurated in 1886.
The Statue of Liberty is located specifically to the south of the island of Manhattan, in New York. It weighs 225 tons in total and measures approximately 93 meters in height from the pedestal to the highest end of the torch